Asthma

What is the medical definition of asthma? Asthma is a complex clinical syndrome of chronic airway inflammation characterized by recurrent, reversible, airway obstruction. Airway inflammation also leads to airway hyperreactivity, which causes airways to narrow in response to various stimuli. Who is at risk to get asthma? Asthma is a common chronic condition, affecting approximately 8%-10% of Americans, or READ MORE

Bacterial vaginosis (BV)

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common yet poorly understood condition, in which the balance of bacteria inside the vagina becomes disrupted. BV doesn’t usually cause any vaginal soreness or itching, but often causes unusual vaginal discharge. If you have the condition, your discharge may: develop a strong fishy smell, particularly after sexual intercourse become white or READ MORE

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is an infection of the deeper layers of skin and the underlying tissue. It can be serious if not treated promptly. The infection develops suddenly and can spread through the body quickly. Severe infections can spread deep into the body and can be life threatening. Most cases are successfully treated with antibiotics at home, although READ MORE

Deafblindness

Deafblindness is a combination of sight and hearing loss that affects a person’s ability to communicate, access information and get around. It’s also sometimes called “dual sensory loss” or “multi-sensory impairment”. A deafblind person won’t usually be totally deaf and totally blind, but both senses will be reduced enough to cause significant difficulties in everyday READ MORE

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a condition that affects the brain and causes repeated seizures. Epilepsy is estimated to affect more than 500,000 people in the UK. This means that almost one in every 100 people has the condition. Seizures The cells in the brain, known as neurons, conduct electrical signals and communicate with each other in the brain using READ MORE

Fibroids

Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop in or around the womb (uterus). The growths are made up of muscle and fibrous tissue and vary in size. They’re sometimes known as uterine myomas or leiomyomas. Many women are unaware they have fibroids because they don’t have any symptoms. Women who do have symptoms (around one in three) READ MORE

Genital herpes

Genital herpes is a common infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). It causes painful blisters on the genitals and the surrounding areas. As genital herpes can be passed to others through intimate sexual contact, it’s often referred to as a sexually transmitted infection (STI). HSV can affect any mucous membrane (moist lining), such as READ MORE

Haemorrhoids (piles)

Haemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swellings containing enlarged blood vessels that are found inside or around the bottom (the rectum and anus). In many cases, haemorrhoids don’t cause symptoms, and some people don’t even realise they have them. However, when symptoms do occur, they may include: bleeding after passing a stool (the blood is usually bright READ MORE

Impetigo

Impetigo is a common and highly contagious skin infection that causes sores and blisters. It’s not usually serious and often improves within a week of treatment or within a few weeks without treatment. Impetigo is the most common skin infection in young children in the UK, but it can affect people of all ages.  

Kaposi’s sarcoma

Kaposi’s sarcoma is a rare type of cancer caused by a virus. It can affect the skin and internal organs. It’s mainly seen in people with a poorly controlled or severe HIV infection. It can also affect some people who have a weakened immune system for another reason, as well as people who have a genetic vulnerability to the READ MORE